Page 0053

MIKE KAUFMAN wrote: I would be grateful if you

could clarify a point of procedure regarding an

insufficient bid. West opens 1´ and North bids

1™; West immediately says: 'Insufficient bid'.

My question is: who is able to draw attention to

the insufficient bid? Is it not up to the LHO and

then they decide whether to accept or refuse the

bid ? Or can anyone state 'insufficient bid'?

Anyone may draw attention to an infraction during

the auction period, after which the director should

be called. The director will then explain the

appropriate options and procedures, which will

include the option for East to accept the bid. Note

that stating a bid is insufficient neither accepts nor

rejects the bid - that is for the next-to-bid player to

do, having had the options explained by the TD.

SUSAN SHARP asks: I remember reading in the

Orange Book that the minimum a partnership

can agree to open at the one level is subject to

the Rule of 18. I thought that is what is meant

by a legal light opening bid and that anything

less is a psyche, and therefore should not be

used frequently enough to be a partnership un der

standing. But in Simon Cochemé's article

on psyches in the October EBU magazine, he

seems to say that anything is allowed as long as

it is clearly noted on the convention card. Can

you please clarify?

The current document containing these regulations

is the Blue Book, which superseded the Orange Book

a couple of years ago. For Level 4 the regulation says:

Strength of Opening One-level Bids: A one-level


June 2015 English Bridge

opening bid in a suit, whether forcing or not, must by

agreement show 8+ HCP and, in first and second

position, follow the Rule of 18. Natural 1NT opening

bids must show 9+ HCP. So it doesn't have to follow

the Rule of 18 in third or fourth position, but it does

need to show at least 8 points.

Psyches are always allowed provided they are not

fielded, but a psyche is defined as 'a deliberate and

gross misstatement of honour strength and/or of suit

length' so a minor deviation would not be con sidered

a psyche. Nor would an agreement to open

contrary to these regulations be considered a psyche

- it would be an illegal agreement and would be

treated as such.

ANDREW URBANSKI writes: If dummy is missorted

when put down at the beginning of the

play, such that a singleton heart is amongst the

diamonds and this is not noticed by anyone

until the fourth trick, what should the director

say and which law is applied if a) the defence

had had a chance to cash a heart trick and b)

they hadn't had the chance?

Obviously if dummy has revoked the normal revoke

laws apply, but otherwise we can adjust using Law

12A1 (which says: 'The Director may award an

adjusted score when he judges that these Laws do not

provide indemnity to a non-offending contestant for

the particular type of violation committed by an

opponent') for the breach of Law 41D' (which speci fies

how dummy's hand should be displayed).

We would be looking to adjust for damage, so we

would look at how the play actually went and seek

to adjust to what we think would have happened if

dummy had been put down properly. This might be

done using a weighted score. r

Insufficient Rainsford

Email your questions to Gordon Rainsford at

Ask GordonAsk Gordon



Gordon, English Bridge and the EBU are not responsible if the information in the letters is incorrect or incomplete.


  1. Page 0001
  2. Page 0002
  3. Page 0003
  4. Page 0004
  5. Page 0005
  6. Page 0006
  7. Page 0007
  8. Page 0008
  9. Page 0009
  10. Page 0010
  11. Page 0011
  12. Page 0012
  13. Page 0013
  14. Page 0014
  15. Page 0015
  16. Page 0016
  17. Page 0017
  18. Page 0018
  19. Page 0019
  20. Page 0020
  21. Page 0021
  22. Page 0022
  23. Page 0023
  24. Page 0024
  25. Page 0025
  26. Page 0026
  27. Page 0027
  28. Page 0028
  29. Page 0029
  30. Page 0030
  31. Page 0031
  32. Page 0032
  33. Page 0033
  34. Page 0034
  35. Page 0035
  36. Page 0036
  37. Page 0037
  38. Page 0038
  39. Page 0039
  40. Page 0040
  41. Page 0041
  42. Page 0042
  43. Page 0043
  44. Page 0044
  45. Page 0045
  46. Page 0046
  47. Page 0047
  48. Page 0048
  49. Page 0049
  50. Page 0050
  51. Page 0051
  52. Page 0052
  53. Page 0053
  54. Page 0054
  55. Page 0055
  56. Page 0056
  57. Page 0057
  58. Page 0058
  59. Page 0059
  60. Page 0060
  61. Page 0061
  62. Page 0062
  63. Page 0063
  64. Page 0064
  65. Page 0065
  66. Page 0066
  67. Page 0067
  68. Page 0068
  69. Page 0069
  70. Page 0070
  71. Page 0071
  72. Page 0072