Page 0048

Sexual abuse is where children and young people are abused by adults (both male and

female) or other children who use them to meet their own sexual needs. This could include

full sexual intercourse, masturbation, oral sex, anal intercourse, kissing and sexual fondling.

Showing children pornographic material (books, videos, pictures) or taking pornographic

images of them are also forms of sexual abuse.

Sexual abusers groom children, protective adults and clubs/organisations in order to create

opportunities to abuse and reduce the likelihood of being reported.

Examples in sport may include coaching techniques involving physical contact with children

creating situations where sexual abuse can be disguised and may therefore go unnoticed.

The power and authority of, or dependence on, the coach if misused, may also lead to

abusive situations developing. Contacts made within sport and pursued e.g. through texts,

Facebook or Twitter have been used to groom children for abuse.

Child Sexual Exploitation is a form of child sexual abuse. It occurs where an individual or

group takes advantage of an imbalance of power to coerce, manipulate or deceive a child or

young person under the age of 18 into sexual activity

(a) in exchange for something the victim needs or wants, and/or

(b) for the financial advantage or increased status of the perpetrator or facilitator.

The victim may have been sexually exploited even if the sexual activity appears consensual.

Child sexual exploitation does not always involve physical contact; it can also occur through

the use of technology.

Emotional abuse is the persistent emotional ill-treatment of a child so as to cause severe

and persistent adverse effects on the child's emotional development. It may involve

conveying to children that they are worthless or unloved, inadequate, or valued only insofar

as they meet the needs of another person.

It may feature age or developmentally inappropriate expectations being imposed on

children or even the over protection of a child. It may involve causing children to feel

frightened or in danger by being constantly shouted at, threatened or taunted which may

make the child very nervous and withdrawn. Some level of emotional abuse is involved in all

types of ill-treatment of a child.

Examples in sport may include children who are subjected to constant criticism,

name-calling, sarcasm, bullying, racism or pressure to perform to unrealistically high

expectations; or when their value or worth is dependent on sporting success or

achievement.

Index

  1. Page 0001
  2. Page 0002
  3. Page 0003
  4. Page 0004
  5. Page 0005
  6. Page 0006
  7. Page 0007
  8. Page 0008
  9. Page 0009
  10. Page 0010
  11. Page 0011
  12. Page 0012
  13. Page 0013
  14. Page 0014
  15. Page 0015
  16. Page 0016
  17. Page 0017
  18. Page 0018
  19. Page 0019
  20. Page 0020
  21. Page 0021
  22. Page 0022
  23. Page 0023
  24. Page 0024
  25. Page 0025
  26. Page 0026
  27. Page 0027
  28. Page 0028
  29. Page 0029
  30. Page 0030
  31. Page 0031
  32. Page 0032
  33. Page 0033
  34. Page 0034
  35. Page 0035
  36. Page 0036
  37. Page 0037
  38. Page 0038
  39. Page 0039
  40. Page 0040
  41. Page 0041
  42. Page 0042
  43. Page 0043
  44. Page 0044
  45. Page 0045
  46. Page 0046
  47. Page 0047
  48. Page 0048
  49. Page 0049
  50. Page 0050
  51. Page 0051
  52. Page 0052
  53. Page 0053
  54. Page 0054
  55. Page 0055

Related Issues