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John Pain, David Stevenson and Frances Hinden list the

Changes in the ‘Orange Book’

3E Asking Questions: Unauthorised Infor- because it was not alerted. Experience B. A balanced or semi-balanced hand.

mation and the Potential to Mislead. shows the questioner often happens to have

several clubs. Players are free to agree more restrictive

3E1 – A player has the right to ask Players sometimes say: ‘I always ask distributional constraints (e.g. no four-

questions at his turn, but should be aware whether I intend to bid or not.’ This is not card major).

that exercising this right has consequences. recommended.

If a player shows unusual interest in one or The current 11C15 and 11C16 are

more calls of the auction, then this is 3E5 – When a player does wish to ask a renumbered 11C17 and 11C18.

unauthorised information to partner. question, it is recommended to phrase this

_______________

Partner must carefully avoid taking neutrally and ask simply for an explana-

advantage, which may constrain the tion of the auction, or of a particular call.

11G10 is allowed at Level 4 and is replaced

actions partner is permitted to take during For example, when asking about a 3♣

with:

the remainder of the auction or when on response to 2NT, it is recommended to say:

lead during the play (Law 16B, 73C). ‘What does 3♣ mean?’ rather than: ‘Is that

11 G 10 General

Asking about a call of 3NT or below which Stayman?’ This helps to avoid confusion or

Two of a Suit openings may be played as

has not been alerted may cause more misleading opponents. Only if further

any one or two of the following:

problems than asking about an alerted call, clarification is needed should specific

A. Strong: any combination of meanings

as may asking repeated or leading questions be asked.

provided that it promises a minimum

questions. Asking about alerted calls in a

strength of ‘Extended Rule of 25’ (see

(potentially) competitive auction is less 3E6 – As well as giving unauthorised

10 B 4).

likely to have adverse consequences, information to partner, questions about

B. Any combination of meanings which

although it is not risk free. bidding may mislead opponents, in which

either:

If, therefore, at a player’s turn to call, he case they may be entitled to redress.

1. Includes one specified suit of at

does not need to have a call explained, it Similarly, declarer’s questions about leads,

least four cards; or:

may be in his interests to defer all signals and discards could illegally mislead

2. Has a specification which does not

questions until either he is about to make the defenders. (Law 73D)

include holding at least four cards

the opening lead or his partner’s lead is

_______________ in the suit bid, and does not

face-down on the table.

include two-suiters where the bid

11C13 is allowed at Level 4 and is replaced suit is the longer suit.

3E2 – Questions asked during the auction

with:

about the meaning of an opponent’s

Notes: (i) (ii) and (iii) are unchanged.

double shall usually not be considered to

11C13 – Either/or (Two-way) Club

pass Unauthorised Information, nor to _______________

A 1♣ opening may be played as both of:

have the potential to mislead opponents

A. Any meaning as long as this does not

about the questioner’s shape or values. 11H8 is allowed at Level 4 and is replaced

include unbalanced hands with 5+

However, the TD may still use his with:

hearts or 5+ spades (unless there is a

discretion to give an adjusted score if the

minor suit of equal length or longer);

nature of the questioning clearly provides 11H8 General

together with:

partner with unauthorised information. 2NT openings may be played as any one or

B. Strong: any combination of meanings

two of the following:

which promises a minimum of

3E3 – A player may use only information A. Strong: Any combination of meanings

‘Extended Rule of 25’ (see 10B4).

he has received from legitimate sources, provided that it promises a minimum

such as calls, plays, opponents’ convention _______________ strength of ‘Extended Rule of 25’ (see

cards, their answers to questions and their 10 B 4).

mannerisms. A player may not use infor- Two new sections are included at Level 4, B. Any combination of meanings which

mation gained from his partner’ expla- namely: either:

nation, uncertainty, tempo or mannerisms. 1. Includes one specified suit of at

(Law 73B1) 11C 15 Strong Major least four cards; or

A 1♥ or 1♠ opening may have any 2. Has a specification which does not

3E4 – Perhaps an example would help. A combination of meanings if it is forcing include holding at least four cards

player opens 1♣ which is not alerted, and and promises a minimum of ‘Extended in one specified suit, and does not

the next player, before passing, asks the Rule of 25’ (see 10 B 4). include two-suiters where the same

meaning of the 1♣, or even worse says: ‘Is specified suit is the longer suit.

that natural?’. If 3NT is reached, and the 11C16 Balanced Major

questioner’s partner leads a club from two A 1♥ or 1♠ opening may have a defined Notes: (i), (ii) and (iii) are unchanged.

or three small cards, the questioner must range, a minimum of 9 HCP and must not

expect that the TD will not allow the result be forcing. The HCP range may be varied _______________

to stand, but will adjust it. according to position and/or vulnerability.

What reason has this player to ask? The One of the following may be played: These changes will take effect from

questioner knows it is a natural bid A. A balanced hand; August 1st 2008.

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Index

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