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AUG_08_EB_p31-34 Pull-out.qxd 16/7/08 12:37 pm Page iv




John Pain, David Stevenson and Frances Hinden list the

Changes in the ‘Orange Book’

3E Asking Questions: Unauthorised Infor- because it was not alerted. Experience B. A balanced or semi-balanced hand.

mation and the Potential to Mislead. shows the questioner often happens to have

several clubs. Players are free to agree more restrictive

3E1 – A player has the right to ask Players sometimes say: ‘I always ask distributional constraints (e.g. no four-

questions at his turn, but should be aware whether I intend to bid or not.’ This is not card major).

that exercising this right has consequences. recommended.

If a player shows unusual interest in one or The current 11C15 and 11C16 are

more calls of the auction, then this is 3E5 – When a player does wish to ask a renumbered 11C17 and 11C18.

unauthorised information to partner. question, it is recommended to phrase this


Partner must carefully avoid taking neutrally and ask simply for an explana-

advantage, which may constrain the tion of the auction, or of a particular call.

11G10 is allowed at Level 4 and is replaced

actions partner is permitted to take during For example, when asking about a 3♣


the remainder of the auction or when on response to 2NT, it is recommended to say:

lead during the play (Law 16B, 73C). ‘What does 3♣ mean?’ rather than: ‘Is that

11 G 10 General

Asking about a call of 3NT or below which Stayman?’ This helps to avoid confusion or

Two of a Suit openings may be played as

has not been alerted may cause more misleading opponents. Only if further

any one or two of the following:

problems than asking about an alerted call, clarification is needed should specific

A. Strong: any combination of meanings

as may asking repeated or leading questions be asked.

provided that it promises a minimum

questions. Asking about alerted calls in a

strength of ‘Extended Rule of 25’ (see

(potentially) competitive auction is less 3E6 – As well as giving unauthorised

10 B 4).

likely to have adverse consequences, information to partner, questions about

B. Any combination of meanings which

although it is not risk free. bidding may mislead opponents, in which


If, therefore, at a player’s turn to call, he case they may be entitled to redress.

1. Includes one specified suit of at

does not need to have a call explained, it Similarly, declarer’s questions about leads,

least four cards; or:

may be in his interests to defer all signals and discards could illegally mislead

2. Has a specification which does not

questions until either he is about to make the defenders. (Law 73D)

include holding at least four cards

the opening lead or his partner’s lead is

_______________ in the suit bid, and does not

face-down on the table.

include two-suiters where the bid

11C13 is allowed at Level 4 and is replaced suit is the longer suit.

3E2 – Questions asked during the auction


about the meaning of an opponent’s

Notes: (i) (ii) and (iii) are unchanged.

double shall usually not be considered to

11C13 – Either/or (Two-way) Club

pass Unauthorised Information, nor to _______________

A 1♣ opening may be played as both of:

have the potential to mislead opponents

A. Any meaning as long as this does not

about the questioner’s shape or values. 11H8 is allowed at Level 4 and is replaced

include unbalanced hands with 5+

However, the TD may still use his with:

hearts or 5+ spades (unless there is a

discretion to give an adjusted score if the

minor suit of equal length or longer);

nature of the questioning clearly provides 11H8 General

together with:

partner with unauthorised information. 2NT openings may be played as any one or

B. Strong: any combination of meanings

two of the following:

which promises a minimum of

3E3 – A player may use only information A. Strong: Any combination of meanings

‘Extended Rule of 25’ (see 10B4).

he has received from legitimate sources, provided that it promises a minimum

such as calls, plays, opponents’ convention _______________ strength of ‘Extended Rule of 25’ (see

cards, their answers to questions and their 10 B 4).

mannerisms. A player may not use infor- Two new sections are included at Level 4, B. Any combination of meanings which

mation gained from his partner’ expla- namely: either:

nation, uncertainty, tempo or mannerisms. 1. Includes one specified suit of at

(Law 73B1) 11C 15 Strong Major least four cards; or

A 1♥ or 1♠ opening may have any 2. Has a specification which does not

3E4 – Perhaps an example would help. A combination of meanings if it is forcing include holding at least four cards

player opens 1♣ which is not alerted, and and promises a minimum of ‘Extended in one specified suit, and does not

the next player, before passing, asks the Rule of 25’ (see 10 B 4). include two-suiters where the same

meaning of the 1♣, or even worse says: ‘Is specified suit is the longer suit.

that natural?’. If 3NT is reached, and the 11C16 Balanced Major

questioner’s partner leads a club from two A 1♥ or 1♠ opening may have a defined Notes: (i), (ii) and (iii) are unchanged.

or three small cards, the questioner must range, a minimum of 9 HCP and must not

expect that the TD will not allow the result be forcing. The HCP range may be varied _______________

to stand, but will adjust it. according to position and/or vulnerability.

What reason has this player to ask? The One of the following may be played: These changes will take effect from

questioner knows it is a natural bid A. A balanced hand; August 1st 2008.



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