JUNE_08_EB_p40-41 Debate 12/5/08 1:04 pm Page 37
Or vote by post (Editor, English Bridge, 23 Erleigh Road, Reading RG1 5LR).
Comments for publication (not more than 200 words, please) are welcome. Paul Bowyer
ONE of the most important techniques in with the king of spades and partner
the game is for defenders to be able to follows small. Does partner have two small ♠A83
count declarer’s hand. When you, as a cards (in which case you need to get him Dummy
defender, have a complete count of the on lead), or three small cards (in which
deal (in other words you know the hand case the suit is yours to run)? If your ♠QJ965 West
patterns of both declarer and partner), primary method is encourage/discourage,
defence becomes that much easier. To that then partner will always play a discouraging
end, often the most important early card whenever he doesn’t hold the king of You lead the queen which is won by decla-
information you can have is partner’s spades. Of course, that isn’t the infor- rer’s king. If you now get on lead, is it safe to
length in the suit in which you have made mation you require on this deal – it is continue the suit? If partner has three cards,
the opening lead. whether declarer still has the guarded ten then yes ; if a doubleton then no (declarer
Now, ‘standard’ encourage/discourage of spades or not. True, there are some may have ♠ K-10-x). How can you tell?
methods have the third player following ambiguous positions – it may be hard to Here is an example from a suit contract:
with a low card as discouragement and a tell whether a peter is from two or four
high card as encouragement. ‘Standard’ cards in some rare cases – but equally
length showing count have a peter (high- there are many situations where all is clear ♠ J 10 5 2
low) as showing an even number of cards, with the play of the first card. Dummy
and following upwards (low-high) as Here are a couple of common distri-
showing an odd number. That is what I butions where length is more important ♠AK84 West
shall assume here in this article. than strength (if you see what I mean):
Suppose that you hold a side suit headed
by the A-K-Q against a trump contract. Here you lead the ace (or king, according to
Naturally, you lead off your top cards and ♠A83 taste) and that goes small, small, queen.
see what happens. Suppose dummy displays Dummy Now, if playing attitude signals, partner has
three small cards in the suit. Now, what had to play a discouraging card as he does
should your partner play from holdings of ♠ K Q 10 6 5 West
not have the spade queen. But can you cash
two small, three small and four small a second round of this suit? Who knows?
cards? If the answer is that you would Playing count signals there are many occa-
always play your lowest card – to dis- Defending against a no-trump contract, sions that make it quite clear what you can
courage a continuation – then the opening you naturally lead the spade king. Now, if or cannot do at trick two.
leader doesn’t know how many of this suit partner is going to play his lowest card Note, in passing, that there may be some
are cashable either now or later in the whenever he doesn’t hold the jack you ambiguities here even with length signals.
hand. This is the trap that encourage/ don’t know what to do if you are left on Suppose partner follows with the spade six
discourage proponents fall into: they think lead. Does declarer have ♠ J-x-x, where and declarer with the spade queen. Now
that you want to know if partner can help you must switch? Or does he have ♠ J-x, declarer might hold ♠ Q-3 and partner
in the suit whereas, in fact, all you want to where you must continue with the queen? ♠ 9-7-6. Alternatively, partner might hold
know is how many rounds of the suit will It’s a nightmare. With length signals, it is ♠ 9-7-6-3 with declarer holding the single-
stand up. Now, most players will peter likely that you can sort out the ambiguities: ton queen. To clear up some of these un-
with two cards (perhaps hoping for a ruff) if partner follows with the spade two, then certainties. it is important to agree with
but cannot distinguish between three and you can continue with the queen. If part- partner what to play with four small cards.
four card holdings. ner’s two was a singleton, well, c’est la vie – Many experts choose the second highest
Try another example. You lead the queen at least there was little point in switching from four small (so would play the seven
from ♠ A-Q-J-9-x against 3NT bid after so that partner would lead a spade back . . . from ♠ 9-7-6-3). This doesn’t clear up all
an uninformative auction and dummy Here are other similar positions. This the ambiguous positions, but it will clarify
puts down two small spades. Declarer wins one is against no-trumps: most – and that is all you can ask for.
www.ebu.co.uk June 2008 English Bridge 37