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A BRIEF HISTORY

This corner of Canada has lots of history as it was where the Americans fought in

1812 for supremacy over the British, particularly around Niagara On the lake. Brock's

Monument is a 56 metre (185 ft) column atop Queenston Heights, dedicated to Major

General Sir Isaac Brock, one of Canada's heroes of the War of 1812. Brock is interred

at the monument's base, on the heights above the battlefield, where he fell during the

Battle of Queenston Heights. Brock died by gunshot wound to the chest in 1812 whilst

leading a charge of British regulars and Canadian militia up the Heights to regain the

Redan Battery, earlier captured by American infantry forces. The combined British,

Canadian, and First Nations forces eventually won a resounding victory.

NIAGARA FALLS

You do not have to be honeymooners to enjoy the honeymoon capital of the world,

as anyone visiting (adults and children alike) will be mesmerized by the awesome

splendour of the falls. This is truly a sight to behold and one that is a "must see"

experience, the memory of which will live on for years to come.

The Niagara Falls, located on the Niagara River, drains Lake Erie into Lake Ontario and

is the collective name for the Horseshoe Falls and the adjacent American Falls. The

Niagara Falls form the highest flow rate of any waterfalls in the world and has a vertical

drop of more than 165 feet (50 m) with the Horseshoe Falls being the most powerful

of the two. Niagara Falls forms the international border between Canada and the USA

and is located between the twin cities of Niagara Falls, Ontario, and Niagara Falls, New

York. The current rate of erosion is approximately 1 foot per year and it is estimated

that 50,000 years from now - the remaining 20 miles to Lake Erie will have been eroded

and the falls will cease to exist.

In October 1829, Sam Patch, who called himself "the Yankee Leapster", jumped from a high

tower into the gorge below the falls and survived. This began a long tradition of daredevils

trying to go over the falls. On October 24, 1901, 63-year-old Michigan school teacher Annie

Edson Taylor was the first person to go over the falls in a barrel as a publicity stunt: she

survived, bleeding, but virtually unharmed. Niagara Falls visits rose sharply in 1953 after the

release of Niagara, a movie starring Marilyn Monroe and Joseph Cotten. Later in the 20th

century, the falls were a featured location in 1980s movie Superman II.

The Falls are best viewed from the Canadian side of the Niagara River, where the

Niagara Parkway runs alongside the River. The Fallsview Casino and shopping complex

on the hill next to Murray Street also presents an excellent vantage point and is well

worth a visit, together with a trip up the Skylon Tower. No Visit to Niagara would be

complete without a journey on the famous Maid of the Mist and a walk through the

caves in "A Journey Behind the Falls". In both cases you are supplied with a blue mac

as you will get wet without one. There are also a couple of water parks in Niagara Falls

which are well worth a visit.

TOP TIP: ensure you stay in Niagara Falls Ontario rather than Niagara Falls USA!

The streets closest to the falls such as Fallsview Boulevard and Falls Ave are the best

locations to stay as streets further back from the Niagara River are in less desirable

areas. Clifton Hill is one of the major tourist promenades in Niagara Falls, Ontario.

This area contains a number of gift shops, wax museums, haunted houses, restaurants,

hotels and themed attractions. For visitors, particularly families and teenagers, it is a

major amusement area and centre for night life.

NIAGARA ON THE LAKE

A visit to this area would also not be complete without a visit to Niagara on the Lake,

just down river from the falls on the shore of Lake Ontario. This was the original

capital of Canada and is separated from the USA by the Niagara River. Niagara

on the Lake is the most picturesque town you will ever see with pristine sidewalks,

manicured flower beds and vintage pastel coloured colonial buildings. It looks as if it

has been created by Disney, but it is very real and a huge tourist attraction.

There are lots of gift and craft shops here as well as three theatres and some great

restaurants. This marks the gateway to the fruit orchards and wine growing regions of

Ontario with its famous ice wine made from frozen grapes. In most respects Niagara

on the Lake is a far more desirable place to stay and take the 30 minute journey up

to Niagara Falls. Look out for the exciting Jet Boat Tours based here, which take you

up the Niagara River towards the falls, through the rapids and the mighty whirlpool.

There are both dry and very, very wet versions from which to choose!

Niagara on the Lake Skylon Tower

Fallsview Casino

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