patients, those who live in urban environments are more
likely to access to health care with high quality. Most tertiary
hospitals which can provide optimal level treatments are
located in urban areas. However, the five-year survival of
lung cancer in urban China was still as low as 19.5%.
In conclusion, in view of the high prevalence of tobacco
smoking and serious air pollution, policy-makers for lung
cancer health policy in the China government might focus on
both smoking cessation, improving air quality and the early
detection of lung cancer. l
Dr Ya-guang Fan, MD, PhD is Associate Professor of Tianjin Lung
Cancer Institute, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital,
Tianjin, China. He received a PhD in epidemiology from the
Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical
College Beijing, China in 2007. His research interests are lung
cancer early detection and the occupational epidemiology of lung
Dr Hao Liang, MD, PhD is an assistant research fellow at the
Sichuan Lung Cancer Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan
University, Sichuan, China since January 2015. She previously
worked for China CDC and the Ministry of Health, focusing on
noncommunicable disease prevention and control, especially in
cancer prevention, early detection and treatment, and policy. She
received her PhD as epidemiologist from the Peking Union
Medical College, Beijing, China.
Professor You-lin Qiao, MD, PhD is Professor and Director for
Department of Cancer Epidemiology, National Cancer Center,
Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and
Peking Union Medical College Beijing, China. He trained for 11
years at the Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and
Public Health and Cancer Prevention Studies Branch, NCI/NIH,
USA. He is also director of International Collaboration
Department, Cancer Foundation of China. He received 2011
WHO/IARC Medal of Honour.
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