Page 0049

RISK FACTORS

48 CANCER CONTROL 2014

be provided to farmers in diversifying crops as well as

establishing other uses for the tobacco that is grown.

‰ Parts of the world most in need of further tobacco control

action, or "tobacco hot spots", should be given special

media attention and assistance, especially in cases where

litigation is involved.

‰ The tobacco industry should not be involved in tobacco

control at any level, as they may challenge national

legislation and try to disguise their actions as "socially

responsible".

‰ Political will is necessary to help enforce tobacco control

policies and protect the public from self-serving tobacco

industry interests.

Summary

Tobacco use continues to be widespread and is the single

largest cause of cancer worldwide. Its use accounts for at

least 30% of all cancer deaths in developed countries with

the potential to impact the rest of the world in a similar

manner. The epidemiology of smoking in high-income

nations has shown lung cancer progressing from a rare

disease to the most common cause of cancer death,

surpassing the number of cancer deaths from the next four

leading causes of cancer combined. There are currently

more than 1 million lung cancer deaths a year globally, 85%

of which are caused by smoking.

The tobacco epidemic that has unfolded in many highincome countries could potentially be curbed or prevented

in

low- and middle-income countries that have not yet seen the

dramatic increase in smoking prevalence rates and thus the

resulting illness and death caused by tobacco use and

exposure. The Tobacco Atlas is a comprehensive tobacco

control collection of global statistics and trend information

designed to track and describe the global tobacco epidemic.

It includes data on prevalence, harm from smoking, personal

and societal costs of use, and industry behaviour, while

illuminating solutions to this global problem. By arming the

public with information about the crisis and suggesting

guidelines to aid tobacco control, The Tobacco Atlas provides

valuable tools to aid the tobacco control movement in its goal

to prevent further global harm, in turn preventing avoidable

cancer morbidity and mortality. l

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank Judith Mackay and Hana Ross for

their co-authorship of The Tobacco Atlas, Fourth Edition.

Michael Eriksen, ScD is the Dean of the School of Public Health

at Georgia State University (GSU) and lead author of The

Tobacco Atlas, Fourth Edition. Dr Eriksen is a global tobacco

control expert who has published extensively on tobacco

prevention and control and was the longest-serving director of

the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Office on

Smoking and Health.

Amy Nyman, MA has over 20 years of research experience with

a strong focus on tobacco-related research.

Carrie Whitney, MPH provided research assistance and support

to The Tobacco Atlas, Fourth Edition, and manages various

tobacco control projects at GSU.

References

1. Eriksen M, Mackay J, Ross H. 2012. The Tobacco Atlas. Fourth Ed. Atlanta, GA:

American Cancer Society; New York, NY: World Lung Foundation. Available from:

www.tobaccoatlas.org.

2. World Health Organization. 2013. Tobacco. Fact Sheet Number 339. Available from:

http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs339/en/.

3. Ezzati M, Henley SJ, Lopez AD, Thun MJ. Role of smoking in global and regional cancer

epidemiology: current patterns and data needs. International Journal of Cancer. 2005;

116(6): 963-71.

4. Ferlay J, Bray F, Pisani P and Parkin DM. Cancer Incidence, Mortality and Prevalence

Worldwide. IARC Cancer Base. 2001; No.5. IARC Press, Lyon, France.

5. Thun M, Peto R, Boreham J and Lopez A. The tobacco epidemic today: Stages of the

cigarette epidemic on entering its second century. Tobacco Control. 2012; 21:96-101.

doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2011-050294.

6. Shopland DR. Tobacco use and its contribution to early cancer mortality with a special

emphasis on cigarette smoking. Environmental Health Perspectives. 1995; 103 Suppl 8:

131-42.

7. FCTC WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control [homepage on the internet].

2013. Available from: http://www.who.int/fctc/signatories_parties/en/.

8. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic: The MPOWER Package 2008

[homepage on the internet]. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2013.

[cited 2013 November 21]. Available from:

http://www.who.int/tobacco/mpower/mpower_english.pdf.

Index

  1. Page 0001
  2. Page 0002
  3. Page 0003
  4. Page 0004
  5. Page 0005
  6. Page 0006
  7. Page 0007
  8. Page 0008
  9. Page 0009
  10. Page 0010
  11. Page 0011
  12. Page 0012
  13. Page 0013
  14. Page 0014
  15. Page 0015
  16. Page 0016
  17. Page 0017
  18. Page 0018
  19. Page 0019
  20. Page 0020
  21. Page 0021
  22. Page 0022
  23. Page 0023
  24. Page 0024
  25. Page 0025
  26. Page 0026
  27. Page 0027
  28. Page 0028
  29. Page 0029
  30. Page 0030
  31. Page 0031
  32. Page 0032
  33. Page 0033
  34. Page 0034
  35. Page 0035
  36. Page 0036
  37. Page 0037
  38. Page 0038
  39. Page 0039
  40. Page 0040
  41. Page 0041
  42. Page 0042
  43. Page 0043
  44. Page 0044
  45. Page 0045
  46. Page 0046
  47. Page 0047
  48. Page 0048
  49. Page 0049
  50. Page 0050
  51. Page 0051
  52. Page 0052
  53. Page 0053
  54. Page 0054
  55. Page 0055
  56. Page 0056
  57. Page 0057
  58. Page 0058
  59. Page 0059
  60. Page 0060
  61. Page 0061
  62. Page 0062
  63. Page 0063
  64. Page 0064
  65. Page 0065
  66. Page 0066
  67. Page 0067
  68. Page 0068
  69. Page 0069
  70. Page 0070
  71. Page 0071
  72. Page 0072
  73. Page 0073
  74. Page 0074
  75. Page 0075
  76. Page 0076
  77. Page 0077
  78. Page 0078
  79. Page 0079
  80. Page 0080
  81. Page 0081
  82. Page 0082
  83. Page 0083
  84. Page 0084
  85. Page 0085
  86. Page 0086
  87. Page 0087
  88. Page 0088
  89. Page 0089
  90. Page 0090
  91. Page 0091
  92. Page 0092
  93. Page 0093
  94. Page 0094
  95. Page 0095
  96. Page 0096
  97. Page 0097
  98. Page 0098
  99. Page 0099
  100. Page 0100
  101. Page 0101
  102. Page 0102
  103. Page 0103
  104. Page 0104
  105. Page 0105
  106. Page 0106
  107. Page 0107
  108. Page 0108
  109. Page 0109
  110. Page 0110
  111. Page 0111
  112. Page 0112
  113. Page 0113
  114. Page 0114
  115. Page 0115
  116. Page 0116
  117. Page 0117
  118. Page 0118
  119. Page 0119
  120. Page 0120
  121. Page 0121
  122. Page 0122
  123. Page 0123
  124. Page 0124
  125. Page 0125
  126. Page 0126
  127. Page 0127
  128. Page 0128
  129. Page 0129
  130. Page 0130
  131. Page 0131
  132. Page 0132
  133. Page 0133
  134. Page 0134
  135. Page 0135
  136. Page 0136
  137. Page 0137
  138. Page 0138
  139. Page 0139
  140. Page 0140
  141. Page 0141
  142. Page 0142
  143. Page 0143
  144. Page 0144
  145. Page 0145
  146. Page 0146
  147. Page 0147
  148. Page 0148
  149. Page 0149
  150. Page 0150
  151. Page 0151
  152. Page 0152
  153. Page 0153
  154. Page 0154
  155. Page 0155
  156. Page 0156

powered by PageTiger