Page 0015

GLOBAL CANCER POLICY-MAKING

the range of opportunities available, including opportunities

that can make a sustained rather than transitory impact on

health and health care services delivery in lesser-resourced Disaster relief is focused on addressing

settings. and overcoming a transient crisis and

restoring the state of “normalcy” better

Crisis/disaster relief and health capacity-building in than or as it existed before the crisis

the lesser-resourced countries

Challenges to population health can be broadly separated into

two types: chronic insufficiencies and acute crises.

‰ Chronic insufficiencies are longstanding limitations in the disease arising as a consequence of the disaster can prolong

ability to respond to health care needs due to an the crisis.

insufficiency of skilled personnel or resources for what are System capacity-building in the setting of chronic

considered achievable levels of care. This is manifested by insufficiency, in contrast, aspires to achieve a level of function

a lack of access to care or queues or waiting lists for or service delivery that exceeds the pre-existing state, by

procedures. Such chronic insufficiencies can be general, transferring skills and expertise to the local communities and

across health states and diseases or specific, with professionals. It is usually part of a longer term effort directed

reference to certain illnesses, services or technologies. to sustainable improvements in general, or specific health

‰ Acute crises or disasters suddenly or precipitously practice, that over time become self-sufficient/reliant on local

overburden the health systems’ ability to respond, or national resources and personnel.

typically by damaging or destroying infrastructure. Such The purpose of this article – in an annual cancer publication

events include natural disasters (tornados, hurricanes and – is to highlight opportunities for health personnel – be they

cyclones, droughts and flooding; earthquakes and clinicians experienced in diagnostic or therapeutic oncology or

tsunamis; fires); conflicts and wars, and epidemics and health administrators or scientists involved in cancer

famine, some consequent upon droughts or flooding, some prevention and control or cancer research – with knowledge

arising from conflicts and wars. and skills to make lasting improvements in lesser-resourced

countries.

Acute crises and disasters in lesser-resourced countries In focusing on the chronic insufficiencies we make no

typically occur in settings of chronic insufficiency. judgments about the relative value of those who devote time

The type and intensity of assistance required, the type of and energy to acute crises. Rather, we focus on the

professionals needed, and the resources and financing contributions those professionals with cancer expertise can

available differ for acute crises and chronic make addressing chronic insufficiencies in lesser-resourced

insufficiencies/deficiencies. It follows that the types of countries facing growing cancer burdens over the coming

volunteer services needed and the opportunities for decades.

contributing one’s time, knowledge and skills vary significantly. The resource intensiveness and multidisciplinary nature of

Disaster relief is focused on addressing and overcoming a cancer diagnosis and treatment, and the complexity of

transient crisis and restoring the state of “normalcy” better population-based cancer prevention and control suggest that

than or as it existed before the crisis. This is usually a time- individuals interested in devoting their time and energy to

limited response for provision of urgently needed services, address chronic insufficiencies in these areas should consider:

although the need to rebuild damaged infrastructure and 1) how their personal motivations and desires relate to the

range of institutional contexts and agendas, and 2) the nature

of different collaborative relationships as a spectrum or

continuum which either reflects or will determine the depth of

engagement. Understanding both of these as one begins to

Acute crises and disasters in lesser- explore opportunities for collaboration is likely to impact on

resourced countries typically occur in the likelihood of mutual satisfaction and success.

settings of chronic insufficiency

Aligning personal motivations and goals to

institutional contexts needs and priorities

Those interested in contributing their knowledge and skills to

CANCER CONTROL 2013 13

Index

  1. CANCER CONTROL 2013
  2. Page 0002
  3. Page 0003
  4. Page 0004
  5. Page 0005
  6. Page 0006
  7. Page 0007
  8. Page 0008
  9. Page 0009
  10. Page 0010
  11. Page 0011
  12. Page 0012
  13. Page 0013
  14. Page 0014
  15. Page 0015
  16. Page 0016
  17. Page 0017
  18. Page 0018
  19. Page 0019
  20. Page 0020
  21. Page 0021
  22. Page 0022
  23. Page 0023
  24. Page 0024
  25. Page 0025
  26. Page 0026
  27. Page 0027
  28. Page 0028
  29. Page 0029
  30. Page 0030
  31. Page 0031
  32. Page 0032
  33. Page 0033
  34. Page 0034
  35. Page 0035
  36. Page 0036
  37. Page 0037
  38. Page 0038
  39. Page 0039
  40. Page 0040
  41. Page 0041
  42. Page 0042
  43. Page 0043
  44. Page 0044
  45. Page 0045
  46. Page 0046
  47. Page 0047
  48. Page 0048
  49. Page 0049
  50. Page 0050
  51. Page 0051
  52. Page 0052
  53. Page 0053
  54. Page 0054
  55. Page 0055
  56. Page 0056
  57. Page 0057
  58. Page 0058
  59. Page 0059
  60. Page 0060
  61. Page 0061
  62. Page 0062
  63. Page 0063
  64. Page 0064
  65. Page 0065
  66. Page 0066
  67. Page 0067
  68. Page 0068
  69. Page 0069
  70. Page 0070
  71. Page 0071
  72. Page 0072
  73. Page 0073
  74. Page 0074
  75. Page 0075
  76. Page 0076
  77. Page 0077
  78. Page 0078
  79. Page 0079
  80. Page 0080
  81. Page 0081
  82. Page 0082
  83. Page 0083
  84. Page 0084
  85. Page 0085
  86. Page 0086
  87. Page 0087
  88. Page 0088
  89. Page 0089
  90. Page 0090
  91. Page 0091
  92. Page 0092
  93. Page 0093
  94. Page 0094
  95. Page 0095
  96. Page 0096
  97. Page 0097
  98. Page 0098
  99. Page 0099
  100. Page 0100
  101. Page 0101
  102. Page 0102
  103. Page 0103
  104. Page 0104
  105. Page 0105
  106. Page 0106
  107. Page 0107
  108. Page 0108
  109. Page 0109
  110. Page 0110
  111. Page 0111
  112. Page 0112
  113. Page 0113
  114. Page 0114
  115. Page 0115
  116. Page 0116
  117. Page 0117
  118. Page 0118
  119. Page 0119
  120. Page 0120
  121. Page 0121
  122. Page 0122
  123. Page 0123
  124. Page 0124
  125. Page 0125
  126. Page 0126
  127. Page 0127
  128. Page 0128
  129. Page 0129
  130. Page 0130
  131. Page 0131
  132. Page 0132
  133. Page 0133
  134. Page 0134
  135. Page 0135
  136. Page 0136
  137. Page 0137
  138. Page 0138
  139. Page 0139
  140. Page 0140
  141. Page 0141
  142. Page 0142
  143. Page 0143
  144. Page 0144
  145. Page 0145
  146. Page 0146
  147. Page 0147
  148. Page 0148
  149. Page 0149
  150. Page 0150
  151. Page 0151
  152. Page 0152
  153. Page 0153
  154. Page 0154
  155. Page 0155
  156. Page 0156
  157. Page 0157
  158. Page 0158
  159. Page 0159
  160. Page 0160
  161. Page 0161
  162. Page 0162
  163. Page 0163
  164. Page 0164
  165. Page 0165
  166. Page 0166
  167. Page 0167
  168. Page 0168
  169. Page 0169
  170. Page 0170
  171. Page 0171
  172. Page 0172
  173. Page 0173
  174. Page 0174
  175. Page 0175
  176. Page 0176
  177. Page 0177
  178. Page 0178
  179. Page 0179
  180. Page 0180

powered by PageTiger